0 rajat_kumar Asked: June 25, 2019In: Sociology Distinguish between education and learning with example 0 BA SociologyEducation vs LearningESO-11The Study of Society 1 Answer Voted Oldest Recent Best Answer admin Added an answer on June 25, 2019 at 10:25 am Education is important not only for the full development of one’s personality, but also for the sustained growth of the nation. The term education is derived from the Latin educare which literally means to bring up and is connected with the verb ‘educare’which means to bring forth. The idea of education is not merely to impart knowledge to the pupil in some subjects but to develop in him those habits and attitudes with which he can successfully face the future. Peter Worsely says a large part of our social and technical skills are acquired through deliberate instruction which we call education. It is the main waking activity of children from the ages of five to fifteen and often beyond. Life Long Learning and Education: The concepts of socialization and learning are related to in fact often inseparable from the concept of education. The main function of the educative process is to pass down knowledge from generation to generation–a process that is essential to the development of culture. Education involves learning, but all learning is not necessarily education. Through life-long learning process an individual acquires attitudes, values, skills and knowledge from daily experiences and resources in his environment–family, neighbours, work, market place, library, mass media etc. Formal and Non-formal Education : Education can be formal or non-formal. Formal education is hierarchically structured and graded, running from primary school through university and also includes a variety of specialised programmes and institutions for full-time technical and professional training. Non-formal education means any activity organised outside the established formal system-whether operating separately or as an important feature of some broader activity that is intended to serve identifiable learning clientieles and learning objectives. The distinction made is largely administrative. Formal education is linked with schools and training institutions, non-formal with community groups and other organisations. The characteristics of non-formal education is that it is relevent to the needs of disadvantaged groups and is concerned with specific categories of persons-underpriveleged groups e.g. SC, ST, dropouts. There is flexibility in their organisation and methods. ‘Non-formal Education Programme’ was launched in India in 1979 for the illiterates in the age group 15-35 years. Based on Mahatma Gandhi’s ‘nai talim’ or basic education, NAEP stressed on learning through acquisition of skills. Formal education is primarily designed to inculcate crucial skills and values central to the survival of the society or to those who hold effective power. Inherent in education, in all period of man’s history is a stimulus to creative thinking and action which accounts in part for culture change, culture change itself being a powerful stimulus to further innovation. Formal education consists of systematic instruction, teaching and training by professional teachers. This consists of the application of pedagogy and the development of curricula. In a liberal education tradition, teachers draw on many different disciplines for their lessons, including psychology, philosophy, information technology, linguistics, biology, and sociology. Teachers in specialized professions such as astrophysics, law, or zoology may teach only in a narrow area, usually as professors at institutions of higher learning. There is much specialist instruction in fields of trade for those who want specific skills, such as required to be a pilot, for example. Finally, there is an array of educational opportunity in the informal sphere- for this reason, society subsidizes institutions such as museums and libraries. Informal education also includes knowledge and skills learned and refined during the course of life, including education that comes from experience in practicing a profession. However, there is a difference between learning and education. While all education is learning, all learning is not education. Life experience which one gathers-about people, variety of occupations, market place, caste groups, gender-based discrimination-contributes to the learning experience. Whereas education is system-based and is regular, learning is a personal experience, random and sporadic. It is not necessarily imparted through a specific agency. Educational institutions such as schools and colleges, etc., are important agencies of socialization. It is in these institutions that the mental traits of the children find a development. These agencies also help the children to march from darkness to light and from ignorance to knowledge. Learning refers to change in an individual’s thought, emotion, or action that results from previous experience. All animals have some capacity for learning, an ability that is very limited in the lower animals but highly developed in mammals and especially in human beings. But exactly how do human being learn? Two general theories have been proposed: the behaviourist and the developmental 0 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Leave an answerLeave an answerCancel reply Featured image Select file Browse Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.