0 Anooja C Asked: March 17, 20212021-03-17T10:58:21+05:30 2021-03-17T10:58:21+05:30In: Psychology Key issues in the study of personality 0 Key issues in the study of personality personalityquestion perdonality 1 Answer Voted Oldest Recent admin 2021-03-18T19:51:41+05:30Added an answer on March 18, 2021 at 7:51 pm For the understanding and explanation of personality, various theoretical models have been proposed. The different models have explained personality with respect to their theoretical propositions e.g. the Psychoanalytic theory explains personality taking intra-psychic and conscious-unconscious mind into account whereas the Behaviorist model totally rejects this approach and emphasises the role of learning and environment in the shaping and development of personality. The Humanistic Model takes a different approach. It is true that every model seems to be correct from its own perspective but when we consider the other models, many of their features become redundant, irrelevant and may be invalid. Therefore, one, who is interested in understanding the phenomenon of personality by going through various theoretical accounts, may not be able to have a clear view of the personality as construct. Therefore, there is a need of an eclectic model which incorporates the features of various models into it and aids in shaping of personality. Some other issues in personality that need to be attended to at length are: 1) Free will vs determinism. Means that whether our behaviour is directed by freedom intrinsic to our nature or by the ultimately determined forces. 2) Uniqueness vs Universality. Implies that whether each person is unique in his own existence or is driven by some universal behaviour patterns. 3) Physiological vs purposive motivation. Some researchers assume that we are pushed by basic physiological needs like food, water etc. while others are of the view that we are pulled by our purpose, goals, values, principles etc. 4) Conscious vs Unconscious motivation. Some researchers believe that our behaviour and experience are determined by conscious forces whereas others say that we are not aware of the forces driving our behaviour, i.e. the unconscious element. 5) Stage vs Non-stage theories of development. It is an extension of the nature nurture issue that whether or not we all pass through predetermined stages of development like fetal, childhood, puberty, adulthood, senescencecontrolled basically by genetics. 6) Cultural determinism vs Cultural transcendence. To what extent our personality is molded by our cultures is the issue here. If not determined by culture, our transcendence is some other kind of determinism. 7) Early Vs Late Personality Formation. This issue deals with if our personality characteristics are established in early childhood or it is quite flexible in adulthood. This question relates to the issues of genetics, external determination etc. Here, the major limitation resolution is the confusion in defining personality characteristics. 8) Optimism Vs Pessimism. Whether humans are basically good or bad is the central issue here. The attitude determines what we see when we look at humanity. To sum up, it can be said that the issues in personality consider classic and more recent issues that are fundamental to the field of personality psychology. However, various theorists have contributed to our understanding of personality but their varying view points have led to various controversies that are still posing a challenge to the area of personality. These issues need a timely resolution so that the research in personality could be more refined and stable and the core areas could be dealt with more precision and flawlessly. 0 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Leave an answerLeave an answerCancel reply Featured image Select file Browse Answer Anonymously Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.