3 Puneet Asked: July 11, 2019In: Public Administration Write a note on Urban Local Self-Government. 3 Indian Administration 1 Answer Voted Oldest Recent Best Answer admin Added an answer on July 11, 2019 at 10:29 am Following the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 Urban Local Self Government in India has been classified into three kinds – Municipal Corporations, Municipalities and Nagar Panchayats. We are familiar with the names of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation, Delhi Municipal Corporation and similar other Corporations in our big cities. In the small and medium towns, there are Municipalities that are sometimes described Municipal Boards or Municipal Committees. Where a place is neither fully rural or fully urban, and it is going through a procedure of urbanization because of industrialization or location of big development projects, a notified area committee or a town committee used to be set up as an interim measure. Under the 74th Constitutional Amendment a Nagar Panchayat shall be set up in such ̳transitional areas‘. Indeed, an urban area, irrespective of its size,needs a local Government for the provision of civic services and facilities such as water supply, garbage clearance, construction and maintenance of roads. These are some of the significant services that an Urban Government has to give to sustain civic life in an area. The Municipal Corporation, Municipal Council and Municipal Committee as per the size of the area give these services. Municipal Corporation The administration of civic affairs, in a city is a challenge. The separate feature of a city is the vast concentration of population within a limited area. The management of civil services so, requires an effective organizational structure, adequate finance and efficient personnel. The Municipal Corporation as a form of city Government occupies the top position in the middle of the local authorities in India. Normally, the Corporation form of urban Government is found in major cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, etc. Municipal Council Every State in the country has enacted legislation for the constitution of the Municipalities in the State specifying their functions, structure, resource and their role in civic administration. Urban areas having towns with population ranging from above 50,000 to 500,000 are governed through elected municipal bodies recognized as Municipal Councils. Any municipal area with 3,00,000 population necessity form Ward Committees to ensure true people‘s participation in the governance of the area. Municipal Committee Those urban areas which are undergoing transition and have a population of less than people are governed through municipal or town committees, the members of which are elected through the resident citizens of the area concerned. 0 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Leave an answerLeave an answerCancel reply Featured image Select file Browse Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.